Chichen Itza - Mayan Civilization
Chichen Itza Plarform of Venus
Chichen Itza Pyramid
Chichen Itza excavation
In its classic period, running about 250 BC through AD 850,
the Mayan civilization ranged from Mexico through Guatemala, Belize, Honduras
and El Salvador.
During the first millennium AD, the Mayans reached levels of
civilization rivalling those of ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome.
They were superb astronomers, architect/builders, athletes
But for some unfathomable reason they never discovered the
In times when Chichen Itza flourished as a city, the Mayas formed a highly sophisticated
society. Their elite did remarkable work in astronomy, mathematics, engineering and architecture, while the rest
provided manpower to execute the plans.
Largest of Mayan cities, Chichen Itza was started around 400 A.D., abandoned and returned to
several times before the Toltecs arrived in 987 A.D.
The aggressive Toltecs conquered the Itzas, introduced them
to the practice of human sacrifice and with their labor rebuilt the city as a
Everyone moved out by the thirteenth century, so when the
Spaniards came in the 1500s they found crumbling buildings being devoured by
the greedy jungle.
A New York lawyer rediscovered them in 1842, following which
an influx of amateur archeologists destroyed some.
Real restoration and reconstruction by the Carnegie Institute and Mexican government was begun
in 1922, and continued for 20 years.